Decorating A Tall Wall

decorating a tall wall

  • Provide (a room or building) with a color scheme, paint, wallpaper, etc

  • (decorate) deck: be beautiful to look at; "Flowers adorned the tables everywhere"

  • (decorate) award a mark of honor, such as a medal, to; "He was decorated for his services in the military"

  • Confer an award or medal on (a member of the armed forces)

  • (decorate) make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.; "Decorate the room for the party"; "beautify yourself for the special day"

  • Make (something) look more attractive by adding ornament to it

  • (after a measurement and in questions) Measuring a specified distance from top to bottom

  • grandiloquent: lofty in style; "he engages in so much tall talk, one never really realizes what he is saying"

  • great in vertical dimension; high in stature; "tall people"; "tall buildings"; "tall trees"; "tall ships"

  • Of great or more than average height, esp. (with reference to an object) relative to width

  • Used in reference to proud and confident movement or behavior

  • a garment size for a tall person

  • A continuous vertical brick or stone structure that encloses or divides an area of land

  • Any high vertical surface or facade, esp. one that is imposing in scale

  • surround with a wall in order to fortify

  • an architectural partition with a height and length greater than its thickness; used to divide or enclose an area or to support another structure; "the south wall had a small window"; "the walls were covered with pictures"

  • A side of a building or room, typically forming part of the building's structure

  • anything that suggests a wall in structure or function or effect; "a wall of water"; "a wall of smoke"; "a wall of prejudice"; "negotiations ran into a brick wall"

Xi'an City Wall

Xi'an City Wall

When Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644),
captured Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should
'built high walls, store abundant food supplies and take time to be an
Emperor,' so that he could fortify the city and unify the other states.
After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang followed his
advice and began to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang
dynasty (618 -907), creating the modern Xian City Wall. It's the most
complete city wall that has survived in China, as well being one of the
largest ancient military defensive systems in the world.

After the extension, the wall now stands 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14
meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top and 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) thick at
the bottom. It covers 13.7 kilometers (8.5 miles) in length with a deep moat
surrounding it. Every 120 meters, there is a rampart which extends out from
the main wall. All together, there are 98 ramparts on the wall, which were
built to defend against the enemy climbing up the wall. Each rampart has a
sentry building, in which the soldiers could protect the entire wall without
exposing themselves to the enemy. Besides, the distance between every two
ramparts is just within the range of an arrow shot from either side, so that
they could shoot the enemy, who wanted to attack the city, from the side. On
the outer side of the city wall, there are 5948 crenellations, namely
battlements. The soldiers can outlook and shoot at the enemy. On the inner
side, parapets were built to protect the soldiers from falling off.

Since the ancient weapons did not have the power to break through a wall and
the only way for an enemy to enter the city was by attacking the gate of the
city wall. This is why complicated gate structures were built within the
wall. In Xian, the city wall includes four gates and they are respectively
named as Changle (meaning eternal joy) in the east, Anding (harmony peace)
in the west, Yongning (eternal peace) in the south and Anyuan (forever
harmony) in the north. The south gate, Yongning, is the most beautifully
decorated one. It is very near to the Bell Tower, center of the city.
Important greeting ceremonies organized by the Provincial Government are
usually held in the south gate square.

Each city gate has three gate towers: Zhenglou, Jianlou and Zhalou. The most
outside is Zhalou, which stands away from the City Wall and is opposite to
Zhenglou. It was used to raise and lower the suspension bridge. Jianlou with
small windows in the front and flanks was used as a defensive outpost.
Zhenglou, in the inner, is the main entrance to the city. The wall connects
Jianlou and Zhenglou Towers. The area between them within the wall was
called 'Wong Cheng', in which the soldiers stationed. From Wong Cheng, there
are sloped horse passages leading to the top of the city wall.

Initially, the wall was built with layers of dirt, with the base layer
including also lime and glutinous rice extract. Throughout the time Xian
City Wall has been restored three times. In 1568, Zhang Zhi (the government
officer of that period) was in charge to rebuild the wall with bricks. In
1781, another officer, Bi Yuan, refitted the city wall and the gate towers.
More recently (since 1983) the Shaanxi Provincial Government restored the
city wall again. A circular park has been built along the high wall and the
deep moat. The thriving trees and flowers decorate the classical Chinese
architecture of the wall, adding additional beauty to the city of Xian.

Bury St Edmunds, Abbey Gate & Gatehouse; Precinct Wall

Bury St Edmunds, Abbey Gate & Gatehouse; Precinct Wall

The great gate of the Abbey of St Edmund. Begun after the riots of 1327 but before 1346; completed after 1353. Barnack stone. EXTERIOR: 2 storeys and battlements. The west facade is richly decorated: a broad segmental entrance arch has 3 niches over it and a large ogee gable above has foiled circles to left and right. Buttresses to each side with ogee-headed steeply gabled niches in 3 tiers, the top tier relating to the upper storey, which has 5 tall blank niches. The taller centre niche has a crocketed gable, flanked by 2 circles containing 6-pointed stars. The east facade has a shafted doorway: leaf capitals to the shafts and an arch with a double quadrant moulding. A large transomed 3-light window to the upper storey. The entrance arch leads from the Angel Hill into an outer chamber with a longer principal chamber beyond it; between them are C17 timber gates with heavy outsize dumb-bell balusters. INTERIOR: the inner side walls of both chambers have large blank arches with bold flowing tracery; both originally had vaulting with ribs and tiercerons, now fragmentary. The principal chamber on the upper storey has the remains of an original fireplace.========A stretch of wall along the east side of Angel Hill and to the north west of the precincts of the former Abbey of St Edmund and to the north of the Abbey Gate (qv). C12; raised in C14 after the rising of 1327. Flint, much of it coursed, divided into wide bays by worn shallow ashlar-faced buttresses. The bay nearest to the Abbey Gate has an admixture of stone blocks and a small blocked rectangular window-opening and is thought to be part of the earlier gate, destroyed by the townspeople in 1327. LBO

decorating a tall wall

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